西安市男男同性性行为人群HIV/梅毒感染状况及影响因素分析

西安市男男同性性行为人群HIV/梅毒感染状况及影响因素分析

减小字体 增大字体 作者:管理员  来源:本站整理  发布时间:2013-04-16 22:12:57

【摘要】 目的 了解西安市男男同性性行为者(MSM)艾滋病病毒(HIV)、梅毒感染现状及影响因素,为制定本地区艾滋病防治措施和干预策略提供科学依据 方法 采用横断面调查,对800名MSM进行面对面问卷调查,同时抽血进行HIV和梅毒抗体检测。结果 调查的800人中,艾滋病知识知晓率为95.5%,被调查MSM人群HIV感染率达6.75%,梅毒感染率4.5%,最近六个月有****性行为、从不使用和有时使用安全套者HIV阳性率高于无****性行为、每次使用安全套者,接受过预防艾滋病宣传咨询服务的人群中,每次使用安全套比率高于未接受者,HIV阳性率低于未接受人群,梅毒阳性者中HIV阳性率高于梅毒阴性者。结论 MSM对艾滋病防治知识知晓情况较好,但安全套使用率较低,认知与行为分离,宣传咨询服务有助于提高安全套使用率和减少HIV感染。开展全面、有效的艾滋病预防知识宣传咨询、安全套推广和性病就诊者筛查,可以降低这一人群感染和传播艾滋病的风险,对预防和控制HIV传播有重要意义。
【关键词】 男男同性性行为人群 HIV 高危行为
【Abstract】objective To get know of HIV/syphilis infection status & influence factors among men who have sex with men in Xi’an; to provide scientific basis for drafting local AIDS prevention methods & interfering strategies. Methods A cross sectional survey was conducted among 800 MSM by face to face interviewing and blood samples were taken to test HIV/syphilis. Result The rate of knowledge about HIV was 95.5%,HIV infection rate was 6.75%,Syphilis infection rate was 4.5%, HIV(+) rate among people who have anal sex without condom or sometimes with condom in late 6 months was higher than those who have no anal sex and every sex with condom. Condom usage rate of people who had AIDS prevention consulting was higher than those who had no consulting; while the HIV(+) rate was opposite. The HIV(+) rate among syphilis(+) people was higher than syphilis(-) people. Conclusion the ADIS prevention knowledge of MSM was good but the condom usage rate was low, indicating that the knowledge and behavior was separated. Consulting could improve the condom usage rate and reduce the HIV infection. Thus, entire and effective AIDS prevention consulting services, condom usage popularization and patient screening are significant methods for preventing and controlling of HIV infection and transmission.

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